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Existential Approach

Existential Approach

Sample Answer 

Existential Approach

Existential therapy puts focus on free will, self-determination, and searching for meaning. This approach focuses on the person rather than the symptom. This approach puts emphasis on the patient’s capacity to make rational decisions that will help them develop to their full potential. Existential therapy states that everyone can be self-aware. Every person is unique in their identity, which can only be discovered through personal relationships with other people. People have to re-create themselves since the meaning of life changes continuously, and that anxiety is part of the human condition (Corey, 2015).

As a human being, I believe that each individual has the power of their life and should be given a choice to make decisions in their life. I believe that we are different in our way, and by forming meaningful relationships, we keep identifying ourselves. I will try to alleviate the patient’s symptoms by focusing on experiences that enhance life meaning and increase the patient’s self-understanding.

Research findings on the existential therapeutic approach.

Article One:

Corbett, L., & Milton, M. Existential Therapy: A Useful Approach to Trauma?

This review article considers the prospective use of existential therapy in patients with psychological trauma. Existential therapy issues are universally perceived and fundamental in human life experiences, suggesting that they can be incorporated into almost all situations (Corbett & Milton, n.d.). This paper aims to integrate and incorporate other methods to enable the evolution of the psychology practice.

The existential approach can be helpful in the treatment of physiological trauma. Clients can heal from psychological trauma when given support and provided with a safe channel for exploring the world and reconnecting themselves to their reality; The article suggests that counseling psychologists, therefore, have the responsibility to understand their patients’ experiences and anxieties instead of forcing them to accept the therapeutic intervention prescribed to them. This could be very beneficial to the patients.

Article  Two:

Oliveira, A., Sousa, D., & Pires, A. (2012). Significant Events in Existential Psychotherapy: The Client’s Perspective.

This article outlines that developing a therapeutic relationship is crucial in therapy. The findings of this article highlight another importance of this phenomenon. This article suggests that progress in therapy develops because the clients establish an original and meaningful relationship in their lives. These findings suggest that individuals identify certain crucial domains of therapy that relate to their day-to-day life (Oliveira, Sousa & Pires, 2012).

Management of Severe Depression

I will confront the patient on their ultimate concerns in life, such as loneliness, meaningless life, and suffering. I will use existential therapy to focus on the anxiety and depression that results from confronting inherent conflicts, and I will then foster personal responsibility for the patient to make these decisions. I will use empathy and support to help the patient become insightful in making choices.

I will foster creativity, authenticity, love, and free will to help the patient move towards transformation. I will also coach this patient to face the issues that cause the patient to have depressive disorders and guide him to take responsibility. Through this, the patient will learn to make more free-will decisions on how to live, which is aided by creativity and love, rather than letting outside events determine his behavior.

I will break confidentiality during this process when I feel that the depression of this patient is due to other issues that are not related to the patient, such as abuse at home. I may have to call in the parents or friends and alert relevant authorities of this matter.

Research Findings on Treatment of Depression

Article Three:

Möller HJ, Henkel V (2005). What are the most effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for the management of depression in specialist care? Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe (Health Evidence Network report; http://www.euro.who.int/Document/E86602.pdf

This article outlines that depression can be treated with pharmacological or psychotherapeutic methods or combinations of both. The drugs used include Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) such as amitriptyline, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and serotonin and noradrenergic reuptake inhibition SNRIs such as venlafaxine. The psychotherapeutic methods include psychodynamic therapy, interpersonal therapy (IPT), supportive counseling, and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The choice of therapy depends on the individual practitioner and setting. The findings in this article suggest that for the treatment of depression to be effective, there must be a collaboration between all the stakeholders, such as primary healthcare givers and mental health specialists (Henkel V, 2005).

Article Four:

NIMH, N. (2016). NIMH » Depression Basics. Retrieved 28 January 2021, from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/index.shtml#:~:text=Major%20depression%E2%80%94having%20symptoms%20of,a%20person%20has%20several%20episodes.

This article outlines that the first step in being given quality treatment is visiting a primary health care provider or mental health specialist, such as a psychologist or a psychiatrist. The caregiver then does an exam, conducts an interview, and conducts laboratory diagnostics to help rule out other conditions that can present with symptoms similar to depression. Once a diagnosis has been established, depression can be managed by drugs, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. If these treatment options do not alleviate symptoms of depression, then brain stimulation therapy can be explored as a treatment alternative (NIMH, 2016).

References

Corbett, L., & Milton, M. Existential Therapy: A Useful Approach to Trauma?

Corey, G. (2015). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, Tenth Edition.

Möller HJ, Henkel V (2005). What are the most effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for the management of depression in specialist care? Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe (Health Evidence Network report; http://www.euro.who.int/Document/E86602.pdf

NIMH, N. (2016). NIMH » Depression Basics. Retrieved 28 January 2021, from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/index.shtml#:~:text=Major%20depression%E2%80%94having%20symptoms%20of,a%20person%20has%20several%20episodes.

Oliveira, A., Sousa, D., & Pires, A. (2012). Significant Events in Existential Psychotherapy: The Client’s Perspective.

 

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Question 


Existential Approach

#1. In Chapter 1, Corey discusses his support of the existential approach.

  • Describe some main points of this approach and then explain how your own personal values may influence your ability to carry out this type of approach as a therapist (1-2 paragraphs).
  • Next, describe some research findings (2-3 paragraphs with APA-style references) from TWO journal articles (attach the two articles) about the existential therapeutic approach.

    Existential Approach

    Existential Approach

#2. Describe a real-life situation of how you would effectively deal with a client who is experiencing severe depression (1-2 paragraphs) and then explain what therapeutic circumstances would cause you to break the limits of confidentiality. Next, describe some research findings (2-3 paragraphs with APA-style references) from TWO journal articles (attach the two articles) about the treatment of depression.Length 3 pages.
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