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Antibiotics and UTI

Antibiotics and UTI

Sample Answer 

Antibiotics and UTI

How Antibiotics as a Medication Class Relates to UTI

Bacteria cause most UTI infections; hence, antibiotics are the first line of treatment. They are also the fastest and most effective way to treat UTIs when prescribed correctly (Trestioreanu, 2015). In this case study, amoxicillin was prescribed for the UTI diagnosis (Beytur et al., 2015).

Amoxicillin belongs to the penicillin group of antibiotics alongside ticarcillin, piperacillin, and several others. These classes of antibiotics have the same mechanism of action. They do not directly kill bacteria but instead curtail the multiplication of bacteria by preventing their cell wall formation. Cell walls are needed to protect the bacteria from the external environment and keep the contents inside it together. Bacteria cannot survive without a cell wall.

According to Bruyère, Dihn, & Sotto (2016), amoxicillin has several side effects which might be encountered by the patient, including allergic reactions, rash, bleeding, easy bruising, abdominal pain, confusion, vomiting, itching, nausea, insomnia, heartburn, dizziness, and diarrhea. Additionally, amoxicillin can change the colon’s normal bacteria composition resulting in an overgrowth, with a good example being the Clostridium difficile bacteria. These bacteria cause a colon inflammation referred to as pseudomembranous colitis.

An adult patient is prescribed 250 mg of amoxicillin at 8 hours intervals; 875 mg at 12 hours intervals; 500 mg at 12 hours intervals; or 500 mg at 8 hours intervals. These dosages are dependent on the seriousness of the infection. Infants older than three months and weighing below 40kgs are prescribed a 20 or 40 mg/kg/day dosage, with a third of this dosage taken at 8 hours intervals, or 25 or 45 mg/kg/day broken down into 12 hours intervals. The prescription depends on the seriousness of the infection and can be taken together with food or with no food (Wenzler & Danziger, 2016).

References

Beytur, A., Yakupogullari, Y., Oguz, F., Otlu, B., & Kaysadu, H. (2015). Oral Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Treatment in Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase–Producing Organisms. Jundishapur journal of microbiology8(1).

Bruyère, F., Dihn, A., & Sotto, A. (2016). Interest of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid combination in urology: An update. Progres en urologie: journal de l’Association francaise d’urologie et de la Societe francaise d’urologie26(8), 437-441.

Trestioreanu, A. Z., Lador, A., Sauerbrun‐Cutler, M. T., & Leibovici, L. (2015). Antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4).

Wenzler, E., & Danziger, L. H. (2016). Urinary tract infections: resistance is futile. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy60(4), 2596-2597.

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Question 


Antibiotics and UTI

Antibiotics and UTI

Antibiotics and UTI

Write an analysis describing how the selected medication class relates to the selected systems disorder. (7 points/28%)

  • 300 words minimum.
  • Analysis must be typed.
  • You are encouraged to use writing resources, such as TurnItIn and Grammarly when composing the analysis.
  • A strong connection and correlation are made between the selected medication and disease process.

Be prepared to present and/or submit your templates and analysis.

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