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Nutrition Through the Lifecycle

Nutrition Through the Lifecycle

Sample Answer 

Nutrition Through the Lifecycle

Assignment Worksheet:

Using your text and the Internet you will provide Anna with information about her high-risk pregnancy. In approximately 250 words, answer the following questions in the spaces provided:

  • Nutritionally, what is the cause of many low birth weight babies? Discuss.

[Low birth weight, meaning that infants born with a weight less than 5 Ib or 2500 g, can be caused by various factors, including poor nutrition, poor socioeconomic conditions, and so on. Nutritionally, the cause of low-birth-weight infants is inadequate maternal weight gain (caused by poor dietary intake, including things like proteins, minerals, vitamins, and so on) during pregnancy (Nix, 2015). An appropriate weight gain (between 10kg and 16.7 kg) during pregnancy is an indication that the mother is taking the right amount of the nutrients needed for her own energy needs and growth, the development of the fetus, and the formation of other features that support the pregnancy, including the placenta, the amniotic fluid, increased volume of maternal blood, and growth of maternal tissues, such as breasts and increased uterine walls.]

  • How might the mother’s environment affect food choices for Anna?

[According to Nix (2015), a pregnant mother’s environment can significantly determine her food choices and, thus, influence her weight gain as well as the birth weight of her infant. For Anna, the main environmental factor that can influence her food choices is her socioeconomic status, especially considering that she lives in a low-income neighborhood. In particular, the fact that Anna resides in a low-income neighborhood might mean that Anna has inadequate money to acquire all the critical nutritional elements, in sufficient quantities, required to produce a healthy weight gain. She might not be able to sustain the recommended food plan for pregnant women. Because she is living with her two siblings and a mother, who also have different nutritional plans, it is more likely that Anna cannot sustain, for example, in her third trimester, taking 9 ounces of grains, 3.5 cups of vegetables, 2 cups of fruits, 3 cups of milk, and 6.5 ounces of beans and meat each day. Nix (2015) argues that pregnant teens often lack dietary plans in their homes.]

  • Are prenatal vitamins suggested for teen mothers and why?

[Personally, based on scientific research, I think prenatal vitamins are suggested for teen mothers because of several reasons. Usually, unplanned pregnancies for teens can present a lot of challenges, ranging from a lack of emotional, physical, and financial preparation. Usually, pregnant teens face the challenge of meeting and sustaining the required nutritional needs, including vitamin levels, especially folate, that are vital in supporting the proper growth of the fetus and its actively developing bodies (Nix, 2015). Teen mothers depend on their parents or guardians for support, including to meet their nutritional needs, which might not be sufficient. Therefore, taking prenatal folate supplements, for example, can help teen mothers ensure they have adequate tetrahydrofolic acid needed in hemoglobic synthesis, cell division, and DNA synthesis (Al-Gailani, 2014). Subsequently, this lowers their chances of giving birth to infants with neural tube defects]

  • What foods, or dietary suggestions could you make to Anna to ensure that the baby gets a healthy start?

[Since Anna is in her first trimester (8 weeks pregnant), she needs to stick to the following daily food plan, including 7 ounces of grains, 3 cups of vegetables, 2 cups of fruits, 3 cups of milk, 6 ounces of beans and meat, and 3.5 ounces of whole grains. Also, she needs to take 6 cups of starchy vegetables, 2 cups of peas and dry beans, 6 cups of orange and red vegetables, 2 cups of dark green vegetables, and 5 cups of other vegetables (Nix, 2015). Lastly, Anna must consider making the following dietary changes in her daily intake of discretionary calories and oils, including taking 6 teaspoons of oils each day and restricting the extra sugars and fats to 266 calories.]

  • Can prematurity at birth be caused by inadequate nutrition of the teen mother? Explain.

[Yes. Inadequate nutrition can cause premature births among teen mothers. The reason is that an underfed mother and her fetus both usually experience low weight gain. Several studies have also shown that the fetus of an underfed mother experiences accelerated maturation of the adrenal glands and hormones, which subsequently can prompt a premature birth. In one study, as noted by Young (2003), higher incidences of premature births were found in underfed ewes, which were indicated by higher levels of the cortisol hormone. These results can also be extrapolated to teen mothers.]

References

Al-Gailani, S. (2014). Making birth defects ‘preventable’: Pre-conceptional vitamin supplements and the politics of risk reduction. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 47, 278-289.

Nix, S. (2015). William’s basic nutrition and diet therapy (15th ed.). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Inc.

Young, E. (2003). Mother’s poor diet linked to premature births. New Scientist, https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn3660-mothers-poor-diet-linked-to-premature-births/

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Question 


Nutrition Through the Lifecycle

Worksheet: Nutrition Through the Lifecycle: Who’s at Risk?

Assignment Overview

For this assignment, you will create a nutritional plan for a young, pregnant client named Anna. Teenage mothers-to-be during pregnancy require special nutritional care for themselves as well as the developing fetus. Using your textbook and the internet you will identify the risks of the teen as well as the risks of the infant’s development. You are required to include citations of your references.

This assignment is intended to explore differences between macronutrient and micronutrient concepts and describe their physiological functioning. Additionally, you will apply human nutritional theories and relevant research to formulate nutritional assessments and describe nutritional requirements corresponding to stages in the life span.

Nutrition Through the Lifecycle

Nutrition Through the Lifecycle

Assignment Details:

Perform the following tasks:

  • Complete the reading assignment and the interactive lesson before attempting this assignment.
  • Please review this week’s readings& the Case Study located in Week 5 of your online course. Use your text and the Internet to complete the following:
    • You will provide Anna with information about her high-risk pregnancy. In approximately 250 words, answer the following questions (use the Assignment Worksheet section on page 2 to provide your answers):
      • Nutritionally, what is the cause of many low birth weight babies? Discuss.
      • How might the mother’s environment affect food choices for Anna?
      • Are prenatal vitamins suggested for teen mothers and why?
      • What foods, or dietary suggestions could you make to Anna to ensure that the baby gets a healthy start?
    • Can prematurity at birth be caused by inadequate nutrition of the teen mother? Explain.
    • Submit the Week 5 Assignment via Blackboard by clicking on the “Week 5 Assignment” link.
    • Include the proper file naming convention:

Refer to the Writing Conventions in the Written Assignment Rubric for detailed grading information.

Grading:

Gradable items in the assignment
Points
Discussed the nutritional implications for a low birth weight baby. 2.5
Indicated environmental effects of the nutritional plan on food choices. 5
Addressed the need for prenatal vitamins. 2.5
Identified dietary suggestions for delivering a healthy infant. 5
Discussed prematurity and inadequate teen nutrition. 2.5
Adhere to the Writing Conventions. 2.5
Total Points 20

Assignment Worksheet:

Using your text and the Internet you will provide Anna with information about her high-risk pregnancy. In approximately 250 words, answer the following questions in the spaces provided:

  • Nutritionally, what is the cause of many low birth weight babies? Discuss.

[Write your response here…]

  • How might the mother’s environment affect food choices for Anna?

[Write your response here…]

  • Are prenatal vitamins suggested for teen mothers and why?

[Write your response here…]

  • What foods, or dietary suggestions could you make to Anna to ensure that the baby gets a healthy start?

[Write your response here…]

  • Can prematurity at birth be caused by inadequate nutrition of the teen mother? Explain.

[Write your response here…]

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