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Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

Sample Answer 

Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

Assignment Worksheet:

In approximately 150 words, respond to the following in the spaces provided:

  • Given the results from the food frequency questionnaire, list at least one vitamin that Mr. Jones could be lacking in his current diet. Describe one disease Mr. Jones is more susceptible to developing to if he remains deficient in this vitamin?

[The most obvious vitamin that Mr. Jones is likely lacking in his current diet is vitamin C (ascorbic acid), which is prominent in most fruits, including oranges and bananas, as well as vegetables, such as broccoli. One disease Mr. Jones is more likely to develop if he remains deficient in vitamin C is scurvy. Some of the early and mild symptoms of scurvy range from aching legs to irritability, reduced appetite, unexplained exhaustion, weakness, and low-grade fever. These signs often appear within four weeks of severe vitamin C deficiency. If untreated, more severe symptoms might creep in, including anemia, gingivitis, skin hemorrhages, tooth decay, chest pain, swollen joints, blurred vision, mood swings, and light sensitivity.]

  • Given the results from the food frequency questionnaire, list at least one mineral that Mr. Jones could be lacking in his current diet. Describe one disease Mr. Jones is more susceptible to developing if he remains deficient in this mineral.

[Based on the outcomes of the food frequency questionnaire provided, there is a high chance that Mr. Jones could be lacking magnesium, which exists in unprocessed plant foods, including oats, whole grains, legumes, soybeans, nuts, and spinach. If no food changes are made, Mr. Jones may likely develop hypomagnesemia, perhaps because of the decreased dietary intake. The disease can be fatal in severe cases, and the common symptoms range from tremors, spasms, personality change, weakness, lethargy, vomiting, nausea, and anorexia, to tetani.]

  • List three nutritional recommendations for improving Mr. Jones’ diet.
  1. [Increasing the daily intake of fruits and vegetables – which contain high levels of minerals and vitamins that play an important role in enzyme synthesis. Enzymes catalyze metabolic reactions. Vegetables and fruits also contain fiber that reduces constipation.]
  2. [Increasing the daily intake of whole grains – increasing a diet rich in oatmeal, brown rice, cornmeal, and other whole grains is important because these foods contain antioxidants, B vitamins, fiber, protein, and trace minerals (magnesium, copper, zinc, and iron). The nutrients lower the risk of developing obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other conditions.]
  3. [Increasing the intake of seafood as a substitute for animal protein – incorporating seafood (including fish, crabs, shrimps, and so on) is critical because these nutritional elements not only supply proteins to the body but are also rich sources of minerals and vitamins, which help in fighting or preventing the development of chronic illnesses. Fish, including sardines and salmon, are also an excellent source of omega-3 oils, which reduce the levels of LDL (or bad cholesterol) and, thus, prevent the occurrence of stroke, diabetes, obesity, blood pressure, heart disease, and so on]
  • Is Mr. Jones consuming enough water? If not, what are the possible complications? Discuss.

[Mr. Jones is not consuming enough water because his daily intake of 24 ounces is way below the recommended 64 ounces (8-by-8 rule). One of the major complications of this deficiency is dehydration – which is characterized by severe loss of the total water body content. Usually, this is measured by a loss of nearly 2 percent of the total body weight. The first symptoms may range from dizziness, dry mouth, lowered urine output, headache, and extreme thirst. If unmanaged, the symptoms could worsen and progress to muscle weakness, anorexia, hypotension, visual impairment, muscle weakness, seizures, as well as kidney failure. Prolonged, severe, or chronic dehydration can result in constipation, gallstones, kidney stones, and kidney infections and affect mood and other cognitive functions. In left uncorrected, the condition can deteriorate to coma and death.]

  • Based on the textbook, would you suggest vitamin and mineral supplementation for Mr. Jones? Use the textbook to support your response.

[Yes, I would suggest that Mr. Jones is given mineral and vitamin supplementation. By far, it is possible that his situation might be worse or is about to get worse. Contrary to what opponents of supplementation argue, I think these dietary substitutes can boost Mr. Jones’s vitamin and mineral levels if taken as prescribed. According to Nix (2019), as people get older, their dietary intake and absorption rates of vitamins and minerals reduce and, thus, require supplementation to contain deadly diseases like goiter, diabetes, arthritis, etc. It is also argued that nearly 50 percent of the global population (the elderly) is deficient in vitamin D and, thereby, needs supplementation.]

References

Nix, S. (2017). Williams’ basic nutrition and diet therapy (15th ed). Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.

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Question 


Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

Worksheet: Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My!

Assignment Overview

This week you learned about vitamins, minerals, and water. You will instruct your client, Mr. Jones, about possible micronutrient deficiencies in his current diet.

Mr. Jones is a 70-year-old man. He has a decreased appetite and often only consumes one meal per day. He does not like to eat fruits and vegetables and considers meat and potatoes his favorite meal. During your assessment of Mr. Jones, you complete a food frequency questionnaire. The results from the questionnaire indicate the following:

Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

  • Mr. Jones consumes 2-3 servings of fruit per month.
  • Mr. Jones consumes 3-4 servings of vegetables per month.
  • Mr. Jones consumes up to 24 ounces of water per day.
  • Mr. Jones consumes animal protein at each meal.

This assignment is intended to introduce basic nutritional principles such as energy requirements, sources, and uses. You will also differentiate between macronutrient and micronutrient concepts and describe their physiological functioning while applying human nutritional theories and relevant research to assess a patient’s nutritional needs.

Assignment Details:

Perform the following tasks:

  • Complete the reading assignment and the interactive lesson before attempting this assignment.
  • In approximately 150 words, respond to the following in the Assignment Worksheet section on page 2:
    • Given the results from the food frequency questionnaire, list at least one vitamin that Mr. Jones could be lacking in his current diet. Describe one disease Mr. Jones is more susceptible to developing to if he remains deficient in this vitamin?
    • Given the results from the food frequency questionnaire, list at least one mineral that Mr. Jones could be lacking in his current diet. Describe one disease Mr. Jones is more susceptible to developing if he remains deficient in this mineral.
    • List three nutritional recommendations for improving Mr. Jones’ diet.
    • Is Mr. Jones consuming enough water? If not, what are the possible complications? Discuss.
  • Based on the textbook, would you suggest vitamin and mineral supplementation for Mr. Jones? Use the textbook to support your response.

    Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

    Vitamins and Minerals and Water… Oh My

  • Submit the Week 3 Assignment via Blackboard by clicking on the “Week 3 Assignment” link.
  • Include the proper file naming convention:

Refer to the Writing Conventions in the Written Assignment Rubric for detailed grading information.

 Grading:

Gradable items in the assignment
Points
Identified Mr. Jones’ vitamin deficiency and potential disease risks. 5
Identified Mr. Jones’ mineral deficiency and potential disease risks. 5
Indicated three nutritional recommendations. 2.5
Discussed Mr. Jones’s water consumption. 2.5
Suggested supplementation based on the textbook. 2.5
Adhere to Writing Conventions. 2.5
Total Points 20

 Assignment Worksheet:

In approximately 150 words, respond to the following in the spaces provided:

  • Given the results from the food frequency questionnaire, list at least one vitamin that Mr. Jones could be lacking in his current diet. Describe one disease Mr. Jones is more susceptible to developing to if he remains deficient in this vitamin?

[Write your response here…]

  • Given the results from the food frequency questionnaire, list at least one mineral that Mr. Jones could be lacking in his current diet. Describe one disease Mr. Jones is more susceptible to developing if he remains deficient in this mineral.

[Write your response here…]

  • List three nutritional recommendations for improving Mr. Jones’ diet.
  1. [Write recommendation #1 here…]
  2. [Write recommendation #1 here…]
  3. [Write recommendation #1 here…]
  • Is Mr. Jones consuming enough water? If not, what are the possible complications? Discuss.

[Write your response here…]

  • Based on the textbook, would you suggest vitamin and mineral supplementation for Mr. Jones? Use the textbook to support your response.

[Write your response here…]

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