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Partnering With Communities In Health Promotion

Partnering With Communities In Health Promotion

Sample Answer 

Partnering With Communities In Health Promotion

CDC’s Healthy Communities Program Success Story Worksheet (modified version)

Thank you for choosing to share your story! This worksheet will help you gather and organize information. As you read each question, imagine you are telling a friend about your program or strategy. What is the first thing you would tell them that answers the question?

Consider this a summary of your policy, system, or environmental change strategy that you’ll reference later. Keep your answers short, no more than a sentence if you can.

Your Name:

  1. Do you have a name for the policy, system, or environmental change strategy you’re trying to implement?

I am trying to implement a culturally-based prevention program proposed by Kelley, Fatupaito, & Witzel (2018).

  1. What risk factors does it address?

The strategy is specifically aimed at addressing the risk of binge drinking among American Indian youth. The program was designed to mitigate the risk of substance abuse and the threat of addiction. Binge drinking, substance abuse, and addiction are interrelated and pose a major health threat to the well-being of American youth, especially Indian Americans – a minority group that is regarded as one of the highest-risk populations due to discrimination, high exposure to violence, present traumas, and several social inequities. Finally, the program was structured to lower the risk of unpreparedness, unawareness, or inexperience in the community in terms of handling substance abuse.

  1. What kind of change are you trying to implement?

The change we are trying to implement is to increase community preparedness through a cultural-based prevention program. Substance abuse is a multi-faceted problem affecting youth, adults, families, communities, schools, etc. The change we are trying to bring is to implement contextually-based and culturally-individualized programs that can be rolled out in communities and federal organizations and adopted in other parts of the globe to lower drug abuse and subsequent addiction.

  1. Who participates? Or rather, who participated in the passing of the policy? Who are your coalition members?  

The program involved one urban Indian region and five reservation communities within the Rocky Mountain Region in the United States of America. According to the 2017 report by the Billings Area Indian Health Service, nearly 8,805 of the 47,066 American Indians residing in these six regions are aged between 12 and 20.

  1. Who does the strategy benefit most? Or, to put it another way, who is your target audience?

The main beneficiary of this program is American youth, especially the minority Indian American youth between the ages of 12 and 20. Studies have shown that the rate of substance abuse is high in this population because their risk of exposure and indulgence is significantly elevated due to factors like discrimination in the country, high unemployment rate, low income, and so on. A cultural-based approach to drug abuse prevention can also benefit other populations, such as African American youths, because it targets specific traditional elements of a population.

  1. Where are you trying to implement the policy, system, or environmental change? Within a corporation or school system? Across a region (city, state)?

Across New York City

  1. Why did you choose to target this policy, system, or environmental change?

Cultural-based prevention is a more effective approach to drug abuse prevention because it considers a community’s unique needs, resources, capacity, and culture. The method is also the most effective in evaluating a community’s readiness. The technique also integrates several factors such as family communications, self-esteem, social support, and community connections – most of which have been established to play a fundamental role in prevention and reduction of prevalence rates among drug abusers and addicts.

Challenge

  1. What is the challenge that your community faces that your policy, system, or environmental change strategy addresses? 

The primary challenges the community is facing include high rates of binge drinking, increased prevalence rates of drug abuse, and substance addiction or dependence.

  1. What might happen if the challenge is not addressed? How does it affect your community in the short term? The long-term?

If the challenge is not addressed, youngsters in the state are likely to engage more in drug and substance abuse. There are short-term and long-term effects of this course. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (2020), short-term effects range from changes in stroke, heart rate, appetite, and blood pressure, to a heart attack. Other health effects include overdose, psychosis, stroke, and death. Long-term effects can include the development of cancer, lung disease, diabetes, kidney failure, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, addiction, and many others.

  1. Were there any barriers encountered during the development or implementation of your policy, system, or environmental change strategy? What were they and how did you overcome them?

Selection bias is one of the main barriers encountered because of the use of homogenous purposeful sampling to collect data. Another challenge is that the respondents (youth) might have responded to the questions presented based on their social desirability. Most of these barriers were not addressed and might have affected the program’s outcomes.

Results

  1. What are the positive results your strategy brought to the community? Try to be specific, with a few statistics or examples.

Firstly, community connections [5% level: F (1,545) =4.92] and social support [5% level: F (1,522) =15.81; p=.00] were significantly higher in the intervention group compared to the non-intervention group, according to the study done by Kelley, Fatupaito, & Witzel (2018). This implies that youngsters who participate in this program (cultural activities) have better connections to society and higher social support levels than those who do not participate. The program also increased community readiness between 2011 and 2014.

Health Educators’ Areas of Responsibility

  1. Which of the 7 Areas of Responsibility were demonstrated in the project? Give examples. The areas are listed at http://www.nchec.org/credentialing/responsibilities/

Among the “Seven Areas of Responsibility” highlighted by  the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, the fourth element has been demonstrated in this program: “Conduct Evaluation and Research Related to Health Education/Promotion.” For instance, the study targets to explore the impact of implementing a cultural-based alcohol abuse prevention program in an Indian American community. The other key areas demonstrated in the program include Area II (implementing health promotion/education), Area VI (working as a health promoter or educator), and Area VII (communicating, promoting, and advocating for the health profession and promotion/education.

References

Billings Area Indian Health Service (BAIHS) (2017). American Indian User Population 2016 for the Billings Area Indian Health Service. Email communication Rocky Mountain Tribal Leaders Council.

Kelley, A., Fatupaito, B., & Witzel, M. (2018). Is culturally-based prevention effective? Results from a 3-year tribal substance use prevention program. Evaluation and Program Planning, 71, 28-35.

National Commission for Health Education and Credentialing. (n.d.). Responsibilities and competencies for health education specialists. Retrieved from https://www.nchec.org/responsibilities-and-competencies

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2020). Health consequences of drug abuse. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drug-topics/health-consequences-drug-misuse/introduction

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Question 


Partnering With Communities In Health Promotion

Assignment Overview
Your supervisor assigned you to a CDC committee that is trying to promote community success stories. Your first assignment is to submit a “success story worksheet” about the required reading: ‘Is culturally based prevention effective? Results from a 3-year tribal substance use prevention program.’

Partnering With Communities In Health Promotion

Partnering With Communities In Health Promotion

Case Assignment
Please complete the CDC Success Stories Worksheet that is available in the Presentation section.

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