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Pharmacology-Dosage Calculation

Pharmacology-Dosage Calculation

Sample Answer 

Pharmacology-Dosage Calculation

Dosage Calculation

Understanding and utilizing proper dosage calculations is very crucial in nursing practice. It makes one avoid the effects associated with underdosing or overdosing when administering drugs to patients. Underdosing leads to the inability of the administered agents to reach effective therapeutic concentrations. Overdosing on drugs, on the other hand, could lead to lethal adverse events. This is vital for drugs with narrow therapeutic windows, such as digoxin. Moreover, knowledge of dosage calculations makes it possible for nurses to understand the instructions a prescriber or physician has written. This makes a nurse carry out his/her duties more responsibly and confidently.

There are different areas in nursing in which dosage calculations are applied. Dosage calculations can be utilized in therapeutic drug monitoring (Boothe, 2012). A nurse can help the physician determine how a particular patient responds to particular doses of a drug. This would help in making dose adjustments to ensure optimal therapeutic effects. Another area in which dosage calculations can be applied is where nurses have to administer drugs based on the age and weight of the patients. Drugs such as digoxin are administered based on the weight and age of the patients (Jelliffe, 2014). Therefore, nurses must calculate the dosage before administering drugs to patients. In addition, nurses are required to carry out dosage calculations when administering drugs to patients with organ failure, such as renal and liver failure. For patients with kidney failure, the ability of the kidney to excrete drugs that are eliminated from the body through urine is altered. Nurses are thus required to carry out dosage calculations for them to adjust the doses of drugs administered to such patients based on their kidney function. This would help prevent the drug accumulation in the body of a patient to toxic levels.

References

Boothe, D. M. (2012). Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. CPD Bulletin Clinical Biochemistry, January, 385–394. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4377-0657-4.00018-1

Jelliffe, R. W. (2014). Administration of digoxin. Diseases of the Chest, 56(1), 56–60. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.56.1.56

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Question 


Pharmacology-Dosage Calculation

Why is it important to understand and utilize proper dosage calculation?

Pharmacology-Dosage Calculation

Pharmacology-Dosage Calculation

In what areas of nursing would you utilize dosage calculation?

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