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Medication Used To Treat Endocrine As Well As Men And Women Disorders

Medication Used To Treat Endocrine As Well As Men And Women Disorders

Sample Answer 

Medication Used To Treat Endocrine As Well As Men And Women Disorders

Medication Used To Treat Endocrine Disorder

The endocrine system refers to a group of glands that release protein hormones that regulate several major body functions, including heart rate, sexual dysfunctions, the development of diabetes, and many other key functions (Kleine & Rossmanith, 2016). These glands include adrenal glands, hypothalamus, ovaries, parathyroid, pituitary, testes, thymus, thyroid, pineal, as well as pancreatic islet cells. Several drugs in recent years have been developed to address particular endocrine diseases associated with overproduction, underproduction, or absence of these hormones. One of the commonest endocrine disorders is diabetes, which is characterized by high blood sugar levels. The disease is either caused by the incapacity of the body to process sugar (Type 2 Diabetes) or the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin (Type 2 Diabetes). Several diabetes drugs have been described in the learning videos posted by VL Studios on 9 March 2016.

Insulins are the first category of diabetes drugs described in the video. According to VL Studios (2016), insulins are a special type of protein hormone medications used to treat elevated blood sugar levels associated with gestational diabetes, type 1, type 2, and other diabetes complications, such as hyperglycemia and hyperosmolarity. Glargine, Zinc, and Lispro are some of the most recommended types of insulin injections. Besides insulins, sulfonylureas drugs (such as glyburide and gliclazide) are also used to lower blood glucose levels. These medications often cling to sulfonylurea receptors, triggering the closure of ATP-sensitive K+ channels. This stimulates insulin production by beta cells of the pancreas. The other categories of diabetes drugs include DPP-4 inhibitors (such as saxagliptin and sitagliptin), thiazolidinediones (such as pioglitazone and rosiglitazone), SGLT-2 inhibitors (like canagliflozin), alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (such as acarbose), and glucagon-like peptide-1 inhibitors (such as exenatide).

Medication Used To Treat Men And Women’s Disorders

Even though a few diseases might be gender-selective, a majority of them affect both men and women, meaning that drugs that are used to treat women are also used to treat men. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are some of the commonest examples of bacterial conditions (caused by E. coli) that affect both men and women (Tan & Chlebickim, 2016). According to Academic Algonquin (2019), which is the study video for this session, UTI drugs are specifically designated to treat infections of the urinary system, including ureters, kidneys, urethra, and bladder, which might cause inflammation (such as cystitis and urethritis), irritation, cramping, and many others.

The first standard drug used to treat UTIs is the three-day course antibiotic called TMP-XSM (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole), a combination of an antibiotic and a sulfur drug that inhibits the synthesis of folic acid. TMP-XSM is effective against all gram-negative bacteria, including E. coli. Bactrim and Septra are common examples of TMP-XSM drugs. In addition, studies have also shown that drinking cranberry juice and taking cranberry tablets prevent the occurrence of UTIs because it boosts the acidity of the urinary tract system, which subsequently prevents the growth of bacteria (Academic Algonquin, 2017). Other medications used to treat UTIs include analgesics (which relieve pain, for example, following surgeries) as well as urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, and stress incontinence drugs (such as Ditropan, Detrol, and Enablex). Urinary incontinence is when urine leaks involuntarily because an individual cannot control the sphincter muscle. Other drugs, such as alfuzosin, doxazosin, and silodosin, can prevent urine retention by relaxing bladder muscles. This automatically unclogs the urinary system.


Academic Algonquin. (2017). Urinary drugs 20150316 161926 48 [Video]. YouTube.

Kleine, B., & Rossmanith, W. G. (2016). Hormones and the endocrine system: a textbook of endocrinology. New York: Springer.

Tan, C. W., & Chlebickim, M. P. (2016). Urinary tract infections in adults. Singapore Medical Journal, 57(9), 485-490.

VL Studios. (2016). Diabetic drugs-learn with visual mnemonics! [Video]. YouTube.


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Medication Used To Treat Endocrine As Well As Men And Women Disorders

  1. Based on the required video what did you learn about medication used to treat endocrine disorder?
  2. Based on the required video what did you learn about medication used to treat men and women disorder?

    Medication Used To Treat Endocrine As Well As Men And Women Disorders

    Medication Used To Treat Endocrine As Well As Men And Women Disorders

Each question needs to be answered in at least 250 words each. As well, each question needs 2 references. I have provided videos that correlate with each question so please use these as references as well.

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