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Patient Education

Patient Education

Sample Answer 

Patient Education

In the past, physicians were responsible for the education of patients. However, nurses are currently charged with helping patients and taking responsibility for their health status by providing patient education. Nurses ensure that patients are aware and can comprehend their conditions to take a proactive role in their healthcare and work with medical facilities and practitioners to minimize complications from any illnesses. The selected learners for this lesson plan are patients with diabetes. The lesson intends to monitor the patient to initiate behavior change, especially on aspects that expose the patient to her condition.

Assessment of the learner includes strategies to ascertain the learner’s level of education, developmental levels, and readiness to learn, among other factors. Being a graduate in economics, the learner does not have a healthcare education and has very little information about her condition. The patient is ready to learn and work with her healthcare providers to improve her health. The health belief theory will form the basis of the lesson. This theory helps elucidate why patients may reject or accept preventive healthcare services or embrace healthy behaviors. According to this theory, patients will respond positively to messages about disease prevention or health promotion when they believe they are at risk of developing further complications with undesirable consequences and that behavior change can reduce these risks.

Goals and Objectives

  • Introduce the patient to the healthcare options available for her condition
  • Provide healthcare information related to her condition
  • Initiate and implement behavior change, including maintaining a healthy diet
  • Monitor patient behavior throughout the treatment
  • Reduce the risks of readmission
  • Evaluate progress regularly

Family Education

The family forms the basic unit within which the patient receives care. After discussing the health information with the patient, and when they are willing to disclose their condition to the family as their caregivers, the nurse is responsible for ensuring that the family members accept the condition and take care of the patient to enhance behavior change. In diabetes care, the family provides the patient with support in areas of exercise, diet, adherence to medication, blood glucose monitoring, and management of appointments with physicians. While the family is instrumental in supporting the patient, a proper assessment must be conducted to ascertain the readiness to learn and provide basic support to the patient. This includes ascertaining the level of education and conversance with medical information. Since the family could be responsible for the costs of treatment, providing information on treatment options as well as their associated costs is appropriate.

Goals and Objectives

  • Disclose the condition of the patient if they were unaware of using a patient-initiated model
  • Help family members reorganize themselves around encouraging responsible behavior
  • Help assess family history for type 2 diabetes to avoid the risk of developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes among other members of the family
  • Promote cohesion in the family to ensure the patient receives adequate attention to notice any changes that might require medical attention
  • Encourage family-provider relationships by maintaining constant communication on the status of the patient on how the medication is administered and giving feedback if the patient is following a routine treatment plan
  • Inform the family members of the signs and symptoms that should be regulated to reduce the risk of readmission of the patient with similar or related conditions that

Staff Development

Nurses are responsible for providing care to patients. Diabetic patients require long-term care that involves the patient, their families, and their healthcare providers. The treatment options for diabetes usually take a lifetime behavioral change that must be administered and evaluated in a timely and professional manner that reduces the risk of relapse. The nurse not only provides healthcare information to the patient and their family but also acts as a liaison between the family and the facility. Making follow-ups with the family on the patient’s condition enables the facility to keep track of the patient and helps the family to assist the patient in sticking to her routines. Therefore, nurses require tailor-made training on handling the patient to achieve the desired outcomes. However, since nurses have relevant information about the clinical aspect of the treatment, they might require training on how to handle their interaction with the family to maintain contact.

Goals and Objectives

  • Motivate the patient and the family
  • Provide reassurance to the family about the health of the patient
  • Reduce the risks of other family members getting diabetes type 2
  • Reduce the conflicts resulting from the engagement with the family

Methods and Evaluation

Objective Lesson Content Sequence for Activities Instructional Strategies Time Allotted Resources Evaluation
Introduction Getting the patient to understand her condition and related risks and

disclosure to family members

Testing, counseling, statement of facts Use task Cards 30 minutes Task cards Recap
Information Giving the patient and the family information related to her condition and treatment Interview to ascertain the known and unknown, then explain the fears and clear doubts Interview 1-hour minutes Questionnaire Review of the questionnaire
Initiate behavior change Provide options for a healthy diet and life routine and facilitate family members to support Assess the current diet and provide options Target visual, tactile, auditory, and kinesthetic senses 1 hour Videos, infographics, and audiobooks ` Review dietary needs
Reduce the risk of relapse Motivate factors for behavior change Insist on the need for a healthy diet Share experiences, strengths, and weaknesses 30 minutes Task cards Review strengths and work on weaknesses
Evaluation Review outcomes after initiation of the learning Assess current gaps in behavior Implement reflection and goal setting 30 minutes Questionnaire Journaling on the achievements and shortfalls

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Question 


Patient Education

Course Project Overview

Developing an Instructional Unit

This project will help you focus on the important concepts presented throughout the course. For this project, you will be expected to develop three lesson plans as part of an instructional unit on a subject of your choice focusing on one disease. The project will contain one lesson plan focused on education of a patient, one on family education, and one on staff development. The plans should demonstrate a logical approach to teaching, communicate what is to be taught and how, and outline how objectives are to be evaluated. At a minimum, each final lesson must contain the following components:

Patient Education

Patient Education

  • Introduction:
    • Provide the title of the lesson.
    • Identify and describe the learners.
    • Include Learner Assessment: educational level, developmental level, readiness to learn, etc.
    • Describe the educational setting: (staff development, patient education, family education, etc.). Purpose and rationale for the lesson(s):
    • Provide a rationale for selecting this lesson.
    • Describe the philosophical or theoretical basis for teaching approaches used in the lesson.
  • Statement of goals and objectives:
    • Write several broad instructional goals for the educational experience.
    • Write several behavioral objectives based on Bloom’s taxonomy.
  • Instructional methods and evaluation of learning—For each objective:
    • Describe the lesson content.
    • Provide a sequence for teaching activities.
    • Describe instructional strategies.
    • Indicate time allotted for each activity.
    • Describe the instructional resources (materials, tools, etc.) to be used.
    • Describe how the learning will be evaluated.

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