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Obesity Among Children (2-19-Year-Olds)

Obesity Among Children (2-19-Year-Olds)

Sample Answer 

Obesity Among Children (2-19-Year-Olds)

The CDC defines obesity as a body mass index that exceeds 95% based on the sex and age of a person (CDC, 2019). Childhood obesity has become a major concern worldwide and in the US. This puts adolescents and children at high risk for numerous health complications. According to the CDC, children and adolescents affected by obesity are approximately 13.7 million. Among the 2-5-year-olds, there are 13.9%, 6-11 years are 18.4%, and 12-19 years comprise 20.6% of the 13.7 million. Obesity prevalence is more pronounced among certain groups; Hispanics and Blacks. There are numerous health risks linked to childhood obesity, including but not limited to diabetes, asthma, sleep disorders, and heart disease. Childhood obesity also affects a child’s self-esteem, causes a poor self-image, and depression. Several factors, including lifestyle, psychological factors, and family history, cause obesity in children and adolescents. This paper will look into the issue of obesity among 2-19-year-olds and health promotion strategies that can be adopted to curtail the prevalence of the same (CDC, 2019).

Statistics on Childhood Obesity

The main cause of childhood obesity is overeating with little to no exercise. A poor diet comprising of few nutrients and laden with excessive amounts of sugar and fats cause children to gain weight very fast. The Department of Health reports that 52% of adolescent girls and 32% of adolescent boys in the US consume 24 ounces or more of soda on a daily basis.

According to Healthy People 2020, childhood obesity is related to family income and type of insurance coverage. Young persons aged 2-19 years and living under the poverty threshold had a higher prevalence rate of obesity (21.0%), while those that were 400-499% above the threshold made for 11.9%. Further, it is reported that non-Hispanics and Asian have the lowest obesity rates, 9.8% of the said age group. The Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black populations have higher prevalence rates of 23.6% and 20.4%, respectively (Healthy People, 2019)).

Literature Articles on Childhood Obesity

Hruby and Hu (2015) explored the epidemiology of obesity globally. In their article, the authors rely on a decade of epidemiological, published evidence to discuss the extent of obesity, the risk factors associated with the disease, and the global economic impact of the same. The report noted that Black boys and Hispanic girls had increased levels of obesity with a long-term trend increase in cases of extreme obesity reported among 2-19-year-olds.

Ogden et al. (2016) did an analysis of trends in obesity among children and adolescents in the US between the years 1988-1994 and 2013-2014. The report showed an increase in prevalence between 1988 and 1994 and between 1999 and 2000. There was an increase in obesity prevalence between the years 2007 and 2008 among 12-19-year-olds. Obesity prevalence of children between 2 and 19 years was at 17% in 2011-2014, while extreme obesity was at 5.8% for the same period.

The research by Ward et al. (2017) is of great significance in investigating childhood obesity. The study looked into the long-term risks associated with adult obesity based on the present weight and age of a child. The authors created a simulation model that enabled them to estimate the risk of present-day obese children at the age of 35 years. The results showed that the majority of children today will grow up to be obese adults at 35 years of age. The risk of adult obesity increased with BMI and age for overweight 2-year-old toddlers to 19-year-olds at 1.09-1.29, 95%, and 2.43-3.65, 95%, respectively.

Health Promotion Strategies

It has been shown that health promotion strategies that focus on encouraging free play and reducing sedentary life effectively prevent and minimize obesity (Kar, Dube, & Kar, 2014). Besides these, other strategies can be employed to combat childhood obesity. The first of these is education on the issue. Prominent local champions and community healthcare facilities should be at the forefront of educating parents and youth on the dangers of obesity. This can be done by circulating informational leaflets, offering free clinical counseling on specific days of the month, and having obesity-focused topics taught in school curriculums (Kar et al., 2014).

Secondly, communities can organize health walks, and municipal councils campaign for the frequent use of parks and recreational areas. Bike riding can be made into a community activity, with local championships held to encourage children to practice and participate in the races. Lastly, schools should be encouraged to serve nutritionally balanced meals, while soft drinks and junk foods can be taxed highly to discourage consumption (Kar et al., 2014).


Childhood obesity is a grave concern and an epidemic that needs to be curtailed. Based on the simulation study by Ward et al. (2017), children who are obese are highly likely to become obese adults. The main causes of obesity are overeating and minimal to no exercise. Consumption of fat and sugar-dense foods is also an agitator of obesity in children aged 2-19 years. The health promotion strategies that need to be implemented in combating obesity require concerted efforts among parents, schools, health facilities, and the community at large. Legislative measures such as compulsory higher taxes on junk foods, including sugared drinks targeting children, and serving nutritionally balanced food in schools can help reduce obesity prevalence. Other strategies include education on obesity, free counseling in healthcare facilities, and community activities, which can help reduce childhood obesity.


CDC (2019). Prevalence of Childhood Obesity in the United States.

Healthy People 2010 (2019). Nutrition Physical Activity, and Obesity.

Hruby, A., & Hu, F. B. (2015). The Epidemiology of Obesity: A Big Picture. PharmacoEconomics33(7), 673–689. doi:10.1007/s40273-014-0243-x

Kar, S. S., Dube, R., & Kar, S. S. (2014). Childhood obesity-an insight into preventive strategies. Avicenna journal of medicine4(4), 88–93. doi:10.4103/2231-0770.140653

Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Lawman, H. G., Fryar, C. D., Kruszon-Moran, D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2016). Trends in Obesity Prevalence Among Children and Adolescents in the United States, 1988-1994 Through 2013-2014. JAMA315(21), 2292–2299. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6361

Ward, Z. J., Long, M. W., Resch, S. C., Giles, C. M., Cradock, A. L., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2017). Simulation of growth trajectories of childhood obesity into adulthood. New England Journal of Medicine377(22), 2145-2153.


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Obesity Among Children (2-19-Year-Olds)

NR222 Health and Wellness

Required Uniform Assignment: Health Promotion Paper Guidelines

This assignment allows the learner to apply knowledge gained about health promotion concepts and strategies,
enhance written communication skills, and demonstrate a beginning understanding of cultural competency.

Course outcomes: This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes:

  • 1. Discuss the professional nurse’s role in health promotion activities. (PO 1 and 2)
  • 3. Discuss health promotion, illness prevention, health maintenance, health restoration, and rehabilitation in
    relation to the nurse’s role in working with various populations. (PO 1, 2, and 8)
  • 7. Identify health promotion strategies throughout the life span. (PO 1, 2, and 4)

Due date: Your faculty member will inform you when this assignment is due. The Late Assignment Policy applies
to this assignment.

Obesity Among Children (2-19-Year-Olds)

Obesity Among Children (2-19-Year-Olds)

Total points possible: 100 points

Preparing the assignment

Follow these guidelines when completing this assignment. Speak with your faculty member if you have questions.

  1. 1) Identify a health problem or need for health promotion for a particular stage in the life span of a population
    from a specific culture in your area.
  2. 2) Choose one of the Leading Health Indicators (LHI) priorities from Healthy People 2020:
  3. 3) Research a topic related to health and wellness associated with one of the Healthy People 2020 topic areas.
  4. 4) Submit your topic to the instructor for approval at least 2 weeks prior to the final assignment due date, but
    earlier if desired. All topics must be approved.
  5. 5) You will develop an educational health promotion project addressing the population/culture in your area.
  6. 6) Use TurnItIn in time to make any edits that might be necessary based on the Similarity Index prior to submitting
    your paper to your faculty. Consult with your faculty about the acceptable Similarity Index for this paper.
  7. 7) For writing assistance (APA, formatting, or grammar) visit the Citation and Writing Assistance: Writing Papers at CU page in the online library.
  8. 8) Include the following sections (detailed criteria listed below and in the Grading Rubric).
    • a. Introduction and Conclusion- 15 points/15%
      • Introduction establishes the purpose of the paper and describes why topic is important to health promotion
        in the target population in your area.
      • Introduction stimulates the reader’s interest.
      • Conclusion includes the main ideas from the body of the paper.
      • Conclusion includes the major support points from the body of the paper.
    • b. Relate Topic to Target Population- 25 points/25%
      • Describes the topic and target cultural population.
      • Includes statistics to support significance of the topic.
      • Explains how the project relates to the selected Healthy People 2020 topic area.
      • Applies health promotion concepts.
    • c. Summary of Articles- 25 points/25%
      • A minimum of three (3) scholarly articles, from the last 5 years, are used as sources.
      • Articles meet criteria of being from scholarly journals and include health promotion and wellness content.
      • At least one article is related to the chosen cultural group.
      • Summaries all key points and findings from the articles.
      • Includes statistics to support significance of the topic.
      • Discusses how information from the articles is used in the Health Promotion Project, including specific
    • d. Health Promotion Discussion – 25 points/25%
      • Describes approaches to educate the target population about the topic.
      • The approaches are appropriate for the cultural target population.
      • Identifies specific ways to promote lifestyle changes within the target population.
      • Applies health promotion strategies.
    • e. APA Style and Organization – 10 points/10%
      • TurnItIn is used prior to submitting paper for grading.
      • Revisions are made based on TurnItIn originality report.
      • References are submitted with assignment.
      • Uses appropriate APA format (6th ed.) and is free of errors.
      • Grammar and mechanics are free of errors.
      • Paper is 3-4 pages, excluding title and reference pages.
      • Information is organized around required components and flows in a logical sequence.

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