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OTC Weight Loss Aids

OTC Weight Loss Aids

Sample Answer 

OTC Weight Loss Aids

Which OTC Weight-Loss Aids Are FDA Approved?

The FDA approves at least five weight loss drugs, and these are Orlistat, which comes in 60mg or 120mg dosage and is a fat inhibitor; it causes the gut to absorb 30 percent less fat and calories. Phentermine and Topiramate are a combination of medications that allow for extended release suitable for short-term weight loss. Lorcaserin Hydrochloride works at controlling metabolism and appetite. Naltrexone Hydrochloride and Bupropion Hydrochloride are extended-release medication that is appetite suppressants. Liraglutide is as GLP-1 receptor agonist (FDA, 2015; FDA, 2014a; FDA 2014b; FDA, 2012a; FDA, 2012b).

Should All OTC Weight-Loss Aids Undergo FDA Approval?

All drugs, whether prescription or non-prescription, should be subjected to FDA regulations. Due to the sensitive nature of medications, all new drugs are considered potentially harmful by the FDA and hence need to be approved before they can be legally available for sale in the country. A series of clinical trials need to be undertaken on any drug, including weight loss non-prescription drugs, to ascertain their safety before use (American Cancer Society, 2019).

What Are the Potential Side Effects Of The Main Types Of Weight-Loss Aids?

The common side effects of weight loss drugs include nausea, constipation, headache, back pain, rare cases of liver injury, nervousness, insomnia, and blood pressure, with the potential for abuse of phentermine (Mayo Clinic, 2019).

Should The Use Of OTC Weight-Loss Aids Be Restricted In Underage Individuals? 

Research shows that many teens are able to access OTC weight loss drugs despite their clear labeling that they are for use by adults. The American Academy of Paediatrics disapproves of the use of body-shaping supplements by persons below the age of 18 years. Some products contain testosterone boosters which are specifically not recommended for persons below the age of 18 years. In addition, abuse of these drugs can result in chronic or acute impairment of the cardiovascular and gastrointestinal systems and may even result in death. Adverse effects include metabolic acidosis, constipation, and chronic diarrhea, dehydration, hepatic renal failure, and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, among others (Poemranz et al., 2013).

References

American Cancer Society (2019). FDA regulation of drugs versus dietary supplements. https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/complementary-and-alternative-medicine/dietary-supplements/fda-regulations.html

Pomeranz, J. L., Taylor, L. M., & Austin, S. B. (2013). Over-the-counter and out-of-control: legal strategies to protect youths from abusing products for weight control. American journal of public health103(2), 220–225. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300962Pomeranz, J. L., Taylor, L. M., & Austin, S. B. (2013). Over-the-counter and out-of-control: legal strategies to protect youths from abusing products for weight control. American journal of public health103(2), 220–225. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300962

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. “FDA Approves Belviq to Treat Some Overweight or Obese Adults.” June 27, 2012. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm309993.htm.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. “FDA Approves Weight-Management Drug Contrave.” September 10, 2014. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm413896.htm.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. “FDA Approves Weight-Management Drug Saxenda.” December 23, 2014. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm427913.htm.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. “FDA Approves Weight-Management Drug Qsymia.” July 17, 2012. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm312468.htm.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. “Orlistat (Marketed as Alli and Xenical) Information.” July 8, 2015. http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/ucm180076.htm.

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Question 


OTC Weight Loss Aids

  • Which OTC weight-loss aids are FDA approved?

    OTC Weight Loss Aids

    OTC Weight Loss Aids

  • Should all OTC weight-loss aids undergo FDA approval?
  • What are potential side effects of the main types of weight-loss aids?
  • Should the use of OTC weight-loss aids be restricted in underage individuals?

**This class is Anatomy & Physiology 2**

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