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World view analysis and personal inventory

World view analysis and personal inventory

Sample Answer 

World view analysis and personal inventory

Part One

Explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within healthcare

Christianity gives a spiritual perspective on the nature of ethics. Christianity asserts that spirituality provides for the theological and religious prisms that explain God as a how, a what, and a who. God is Omniscient, Omnipresent, and Omnipotent and is Sovereign over all things. Belief systems have been developed by Christians and are described in the Bible. These belief systems offer an explanation of the purpose of man’s life and also the meaning and truth of the same. When humans are aware of these truths, they are able to pursue and even achieve experiences in life in a transcendent manner. What this implies is that man can make choices as regards one’s life while all the while remaining rooted in God’s guidance. Further, this makes Christians to be more accepting of what life brings in man’s way because God guides man’s paths of life; every good or bad thing that happens does so with God’s permission. Hence, spirituality takes both symbolic and theological functions (Niebuhr, 2012).

Moreover, decisions made by a Christian on ethical issues are based on Biblically written instructions. A Christian will rely on spirituality with no room for making ambiguous decisions and based on the expectations God has of them. Hence, when it comes to healthcare, a Christian’s reliance on God to make decisions and also in accepting or not accepting certain options is applied. Decisions are often based on enhancing well-being, lessening the suffering of human beings, restoration of life, and in the belief that with a fatal illness, there is a better life after death.

Postmodern relativism, on the other hand, represents an understanding of spirituality that is more liberal and argues that absolute truth does not exist. Similarly, postmodern relativism, as regards ethics, contends that contrasting arguments over ethical issues may be valid or otherwise, with no absolute truth. This implies an argument cannot be dismissed just because it has some contradictions to it. This view is important in healthcare because it allows for multicultural care to be practiced by healthcare professionals through the acceptance of diversity. Hence, healthcare practitioners under the postmodern relativism perspective can acknowledge that they lack a monopoly over ethical and spiritual truths and should not ignore cultures that are obscure (Boyne & Ratansi, 2017).

Part Two

Explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it

According to Sorell (2013), scientism asserts that the only source of absolute truth comes from hard sciences. Genuine knowledge is also sourced from these hard sciences and hence offers superior knowledge. In this case, the hard sciences rely on laws of nature and experiments, including physics, biology, and chemistry. These sciences rely on testable, replicable, and factual data, which consequently makes the results reliable. Soft sciences, on the other hand, are deemed pseudo in nature and comprise of conjectures and guesswork, which are subject to changes and are less superior to the hard sciences. The difference between these sciences is based on the quality of information that they provide.

More information is offered through hard sciences because objective skepticism is their foundation, and so is experimentation. Soft sciences, on the other hand, depend on subjectivism; hence, offer opportunities for human nature influencers such that contrasting ideas over the same principles are common. Hence, hard sciences based on skepticism, are identified as having an intellectual authority that is superior in comparison to the soft sciences.

Two arguments oppose scientism. The first is that hard sciences do not offer absolute facts and truths, and this is because they are restructured by measuring instruments and knowledge of the environment that is most recent. Things previously thought to be backed by scientific evidence can change with new emerging information. Therefore information from both hard and soft sciences can be changed with time. Secondly, a tyrannical approach is taken by hard sciences, which rely too much on relativism. It disregards personal opinions completely and ends up stifling thinking that is willful and consequently stifling the importance of discovering information that is new. Soft sciences, on the other hand, allow for thinking that is willful as it takes an approach that is more accepting.

Part Three

(a) What is ultimate reality?

Ultimate reality refers to the belief that every person is a result of the environmental interactions that one has. I am a result of nurture, and my personal development is impacted by the environment that I live in. My thought processes, mannerisms, and personal values have grown, reshaped, and improved over the years because of the people I have interacted with and will continue to interact with in my life. Social and political happenings around me influence me as a person and how I grow intellectually, spiritually, and psychologically. For example, if I were living in Africa, I would accept polygamy as an acceptable tradition despite being a Christian. However, because traditions and Christian teachings in the Western world are deemed separate entities, my decision-making regarding polygamy and other life perceptions are different from others living in different parts of the world.

 (b) What is the nature of the universe?

The universe is continuously going through changes, starting with time. Energy is needed to make the universe changes while prioritization processes determine the direction that change takes. The processes of prioritization are also determined by energy conversion, evolution, extinction, and competition. The competition calls for a struggle in the acquisition of energy resources, which are in scarcity.

Extinction occurs when components are removed for failure to compete directly or indirectly or when disastrous events occur. Evolution requires adaptation to changes in the environment to allow one to fit in better. Energy conversion is where different energy forms are changed, starting with solar energy that plants capture and utilizes.

(c) What is a human being?

Two perspectives can be used in defining a human being. The religious perspective is the first of these, which identifies the creator of human beings as God. The story of creation taught in Christianity advances that man was created in God’s image. God also purposed that man and woman would procreate and carry out his will to care for all that God created. Man was also to follow the Ten Commandments

In the second definition, humans are identified by the biological perspective as products of evolution. Humans have adapted through natural selection to develop higher thought processes, allowing them to live in their current natural environment. These higher recesses of thinking have also allowed human beings to develop clothes, technologies, vocabulary, and language, allowing them to use the environment in ways beyond what they can physically manage. For example, clothes allow a man to keep warm during the harsh winter seasons.

(d) What is knowledge?

Knowledge is the skills, information, and facts that a person acquires through education and experience. Education requires that one attends an informal or formal process in the acquisition of theoretical knowledge. Knowledge allows people to have thought process capacities. For example, a person that has accounting knowledge will have better financial knowledge to run a small or big business by practicing the acquired financial management skills.

(e) What is your basis of ethics?

Two concepts are the foundation of my perception of ethics. Self-awareness, beliefs, and opinion help me determine what is morally right or wrong. This, of course, is founded on the teachings from my immediate environment. For example, I have learned that a lazy person will never be respected in society, and being a burden to one’s family and friends is abhorred. Whichever way, I am grateful that my family and the environment I have grown in have taught me the value of hard work. The second is beliefs and public principles. My personal beliefs sometimes do not coincide with public beliefs. For example, transgender people are referred to by others as their new gender. However, I believe that transgender-ism is a façade and against my Christian beliefs and that people should be addressed by their original genders. I have to respect the public’s and transgenders’ wishes and comply with the ‘rules.’

 (f) What is the purpose of your existence?

I live to be influential. I would hate to get old and realize I have not impacted a single person in my entire life’s journey. Life is more than just living for self-satisfaction; it also enhances other people’s lives. That is why I am big when it comes to charity work and donating for good causes such as pediatric cancer treatment and research. I also believe in being healthy because when I am, then I will live perhaps longer than I naturally would and consequently have more opportunities to influence people. I look at the lives of people such as Ravi Zacharias and see how much he accomplished in his Christian walk; I want to do greater.

References

Boyne, R., & Rattansi, A. (Eds.). (2017). Postmodernism and society. Macmillan International Higher Education.

Niebuhr, R. (2012). An interpretation of Christian ethics. Westminster John Knox Press.

Sorell, T. (2013). Scientism: Philosophy and the infatuation with science. Routledge.

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Question 


World view analysis and personal inventory

Based on the required topic study materials, write a reflection about worldview and respond to the following:

In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.

In 250-300 words, explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it.

In 750-1,000 words, answer each of the worldview questions according to your own personal perspective and worldview:

  • What is ultimate reality?
  • What is the nature of the universe?
  • What is a human being?
  • What is knowledge?
  • What is your basis of ethics?
  • What is the purpose of your existence?
  • Remember to support your reflection with the topic study materials.

    World view analysis and personal inventory

    Worldview analysis and personal inventory

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

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