Need help with your Discussion

Get a timely done, PLAGIARISM-FREE paper
from our highly-qualified writers!


The Use of Antidepressant Medications

The Use of Antidepressant Medications

Sample Answer 

The Use of Antidepressant Medications

The Main Types of Antidepressants

Antidepressants are classified according to how they affect the functioning of the brain. Accordingly, there are five major classes of antidepressants, even though other types are less commonly used. First is the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). These prevent the reuptake of some of the neurotransmitters so that they can be a higher number of them available and active in the brain (Schimelpfening, 2019). SSRIs act by inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin, and examples include citalopram, vilazodone, paroxetine, fluoxetine, and sertraline, among others. The second class is the serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). These work in the same fashion as SSRIs but inhibit the reuptake of both serotonin and norepinephrine. Examples of SNRIs are duloxetine, desvenlafaxine, and milnacipran (Schimelpfening, 2019). The third category is tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). There prevent the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine and acetylcholine neurotransmitters. Examples of TCAs are amoxapine, amitriptyline, clomipramine, and imipramine. The fourth types are monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). This class of drugs inhibits the action of the enzyme monoamine oxidase, which is responsible for breaking down monoamines. Examples of MAOIs are selegiline and phenelzine. Lastly is the atypical antidepressants whose classification does not fit in any of the preceding four (Schimelpfening, 2019). These affect dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine levels in unique ways. They include bupropion and mirtazapine.

The Main Mechanism of Action of Antidepressant Medications

An understanding of how antidepressants result in beneficial effects is critical in the development of more effective drugs. The different systems that take part in the pathophysiology of anxiety and depression are the targets of antidepressants. Studies have shown that neurogenesis is involved in the functioning of antidepressants (Taylor, Fricker, Devi, & Gomes, 2015). Neurogenesis is the process of neuronal cell differentiation, proliferation, and survival. The mechanism in which antidepressants mediate their action on neurogenesis can be seen by the action of SNRIs and SSRIs to increase serotonin and NE levels in the brain to allow the stimulation of Ca2+ ions in the body (Taylor, Fricker, Devi, & Gomes, 2015).

Are Antidepressant Medications Oversubscribed In Modern-Day Society?

Studies have shown that only one-in-five patients taking antidepressant medications, especially SSRIs, which are the most common, have shown the real need for the medication. The alarming use of antidepressants for conditions that do not warrant the need for the medications results from self-diagnosis by the patients and the availability and affordability of the medications over-the-counter (Lane, 2018). Also, psychiatrists are relatively unconcerned about the potential overuse of antidepressants and are quick to point to patients the danger of leaving depression untreated for long, leaving out the higher possibility of side effects patients suffer from the use of the drugs. To a greater number of psychiatrists, untreated depression is far more dangerous than the side effects of the misuse of drugs (Lane, 2018). This has left patients that do not require medication to use drugs to avoid the perceived risks of depression when they have any symptoms indicating that they may have clinical depression.

Alternatives To Help Treat Depression           

There exist alternatives to antidepressants in the treatment of depression. Apart from pharmacological treatment, psychotherapeutic interventions have been found to work in cases where drugs have failed. This includes holistic therapies and integrative therapies. Integrative therapies include the use of herbal remedies and acupuncture, an ancient Chinese method of treatment involving the stimulation of the body to resist or overcome illness by correcting imbalance (MacPherson et al., 2014). Other integrative remedies include meditation, exercise, reflexology, yoga, massage, guided imagery, and relaxation (Cleveland Clinic, 2019).


Cleveland Clinic. (2019). Depression: Alternative Therapies. Retrieved from

Lane, C. (2018). Overprescribing antidepressants: Surprising new data on the misuse of antidepressants. Retrieved from Psychology today:

MacPherson, H., Richmond, S., Bland, M., Brealey, S., Gabe, R., Hopton, A., Watt, I. (2014). Acupuncture and Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: A Randomised Controlled Trial. PLOS Medicine, 10(9). doi:org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001518

Schimelpfening, N. (2019). The 5 major classes of antidepressants. Retrieved from Very Well Mind:

Taylor, C., Fricker, A. D., Devi, L. A., & Gomes, I. (2015). Mechanisms of action of antidepressants: From neurotransmitter systems to signaling pathways. Cellular Signalling, 17(5), 549-557. doi:10.1016/j.cellsig.2004.12.007


We’ll write everything from scratch


The Use of Antidepressant Medications

It is estimated that more than 20% of the population of the United States suffers from some form of depression, which has its root cause in the nervous system (specifically neurotransmitters and their associated enzymes/activators/inhibitors). In this paper, answer the following questions:

The Use of Antidepressant Medications

The Use of Antidepressant Medications

  • What are the main types of antidepressant medications?
  • What is are the main mechanisms of action of antidepressant medications?
  • Are these medications over-prescribed in modern-day society?
  • Are there alternative strategies to help treat depression?

Short essay. (Minimum length of paper 500 words.) Papers need to be referenced and follow APA formatting guidelines


Have a similar assignment? "Place an order for your assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, guaranteeing you A results."

Order Solution Now

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Eminence Papers only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Eminence Papers are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Eminence Papers are known for the timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Eminence Papers, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.

We Can Write It for You! Enjoy 20% OFF on This Order. Use Code SAVE20

Stuck with your Assignment?

Enjoy 20% OFF Today
Use code SAVE20